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**Equivalent percentages.**

The red arrow is used to show equivalent amounts on the centimeter scale and the inches scale.

- Move the red slider to see equivalent amounts.
- Check the Number Lines box. As you move the red slider back and forth, you see the changing percentage value as the slider moves along the scale.
- Check the Tick Marks box. The percentage scale is divided into 4 quarters. As you move the red slider again, you see the changing percentage value as the slider moves along the scale.
- Change the intervals to 3 and also to 5 and play around with the red slider.
- The top line has a default reference to 20. Check the Label top line box. And the line is labeled.
- Play around with the Intervals slider and the red slider to see the percentage value of the number on the top line.
- Change the Reference value and continue to practice.

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** **

**Use the Double Number Line to Solve Percentage Problems.**

If you get stuck, solving the next two problems, consider using the double number line below.

(1). During a basketball practice, Mai attempted 40 free throws and was successful on 25% of them. How many successful free throws did she make?

(2). Yesterday, Priya successfully made 12 free throws. Today, she made 150% as many. How many successful free throws did Priya make today?

(3). A 16-ounce bottle of orange juice says it contains 200 milligrams of vitamin C, which is 250% of the daily recommended allowance of vitamin C for adults. What is 100% of the daily recommended allowance of vitamin C for adults? You can use the double number line in the applet below.

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** Application of Double Number Lines to Solve Percentage Problems**

**(A). Elena biked 8 miles on Saturday. Use the double number line to answer the questions. Be prepared to explain your reasoning.**

(1). What is 100% of her Saturday distance?

(2). On Sunday, she biked 75% of her Saturday distance. How far was that?

(3). On Monday, she biked 125% of her Saturday distance. How far was that?

**(2). Jada has a new puppy that weighs 9 pounds. The vet says that the puppy is now at about 20% of its adult weight.**

What will be the adult weight of the puppy?

**(3). Andre also has a puppy that weighs 9 pounds. The vet says that this puppy is now at about 30% of its adult weight.**

(1). What will be the adult weight of Andre’s puppy?

(2). What is the same about Jada and Andre’s puppies? What is different?

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Diego has a skateboard, scooter, bike, and go-cart. He wants to know which vehicle is the fastest. A friend records how far Diego travels on each vehicle in 5 seconds. For each vehicle, Diego travels as fast as he can along a straight, level path.

**(1). What is the distance each vehicle traveled in centimeters?**

**(2).** **Rank the vehicles in order from fastest to slowest.**

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It takes 10 pounds of potatoes to make 15 pounds of mashed potatoes. At this rate:

(1). How many pounds of mashed potatoes can they make with 15 pounds of potatoes?

(2). How many pounds of potatoes are needed to make 50 pounds of mashed potatoes?

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At a school, 40% of the sixth-grade students said that hip-hop is their favorite kind of music. If 100 sixth-grade students prefer hip hop music, how many sixth-grade students are at the school? Explain your reasoning.

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